Henry Ossawa Tanner (1859–1937) was the first African-American painter to gain international fame. He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and died in Paris where he passed the most of his life.
He was a full academician of the National Academy of Design—becoming the first African-American to ever receive the distinction.
The story of Christ’s crucifixion is one of the themes that occupied Henry Ossawa Tanner’s mind throughout his career.
Source: Smithsonian American Art Museum.