Marie-Victoire Lemoine (1754 – 1820) was a French classicist painter. She remained unmarried and became one of the few women in contemporary art that made a living through painting.

She studied with F.G. Ménageot (1744–1816), an academic history painter and portraitist who established a studio in Paris in 1774, and she exhibited some 20 paintings in the Salon de la Correspondance in 1779 and 1785, and in the official Academy Salon between 1796 and 1814.

Marie-Victoire Lemoine mainly painted portraits, miniatures, and genre scenes.