Adam Elsheimer (1578 –1610) was a German artist working in Rome.

He was apprenticed to the artist Philipp Uffenbach and in Venice worked as an assistant to Johann Rottenhammer.

He influenced many other artists, as Paul Bril, Jan Pynas, Leonaert Bramer, Pieter Lastman, Rembrandt and Rubens.

His Barroque paintings were painted on copper plates, of the type often known as cabinet paintings, as were characterized the small paintings, typically no larger than two feet (0.6 meters) in either dimension, but often much smaller.

He preferred rare or original mythological and religious subjects and he had an apparent tendency to depression.

He combined precision of technique with inventive explorations of landscapes, multiple light sources and exotic figures, to create different moods.

The dynamic compositions and spectacular lighting effects of the work of Venetian artists like Tintoretto and Veronese had a profound influence on him.